While enjoying its celebrations every year, have you ever wondered about the New Year’s History? Today, we are going to discuss the origin of the New Year History of Celebrations.
There are billions of people all around the world who celebrate the event every year. However, a few think about its origin and history so this article is for them.
We will not only cover the history of the New Year’s in the modern calendar but also in others as well. First, let us move ahead and share the history of the modern New Year’s Day with you.
New Year History of Celebration
Most people think that the New Year Celebrations on the 1st of January have always been like this. However, it is not entirely true since the concept of the celebration of the new year on this particular is something new.
The Record books show the history of the first New Year’s celebrations dates back to 2000 B.C. Do you know? The history of the new year goes and joins the Mesopotamian civilization and at the time of Vernal Equinox.
Even though we internationally observe the event of New Year on January 1st, other countries with different histories and civilizations have different New Year dates according to their calendars. For example, the dates of Chinese, Islamic, and Iranian New Year are different. We will start from the early Roman calendar and the move on to discuss others as well.
New Year History in the Roman Calendar
Before the advent of January 1st, March 1st as our New Year’s date according to the Early Roman calendar. However, this is because the calendar only consists of 10 months. The year starts from March and ends on December. Also, the names of the months represent their number in the calendar in Latin. For instance, SEPTEM is ‘Seven’ in Latin and September, the 7th month. The same goes for December where DECEM is ‘10’ in Latin.
So when did January become a part of this? Well, the history of the introduction of January in the calendar and the celebration of New Year in January dates back to 153 B.C in Rome. Back in 700 B.C when the months of January and February become part of the calendar by the Roman Emperor NUMA PONTILIUS.
Since the Civil Year started from January 1st, they moved the date of New Year’s celebrations to this date and it has been the same ever since. However, at that time, not everyone followed this date and since people were used to celebrating it on March 1st, many of them continued to do.
Julius Caesar Reformation
Later in 46 B.C, it was Julius Caesar who reformed the calendar and formed the new solar-based calendar. This is really a huge improvement over the old lunar-base Roman calendar. Now, it is official that the New Year will be in Celebration on January 1st.
Considering them unholy or unchristian traditions, these New Year’s celebrations faced an abolishment in Medieval Europe around 567. However, in the remembrance of Jesus Christ and his birthday on 25th December, those events were still going on.
The catholic people continued their abandonment of these celebrations until 1582, however, the Protestant countries were still celebrating the events of January 1st. The people of the British Empire didn’t accept the calendar until 1752. We are talking of a time centuries ago.
Of all the historical accounts we have checked, none of those sources claim to know about the exact origin of the Chinese New Year. However, the strongest of sources tell us about its origin during the Shang Dynasty around 1766 to 1122 BC. Some sources differ from this opinion and say that the origin might be around 2300 during the time of Emperor Yao and Shun.
During the time of Han Dynasty, it is confirmed that the celebrations of Chinese New Year were made official. Also, the date of the celebrations is confirmed that for centuries, it is in celebration every year on January 25th. The tales of the origin of the Chinese New Year are also found in their mythology.
According to their legends, a great fight against the beast with the name ‘Year’. The appearance of the beast is also mention in these accounts that it looks like an Ox with the head of a Lion. The creature live in the sea and during the New Year’s Eve, it comes on the land to harm people and their cities.
Later, the weakness of the creature comes in the minds of people, it fears the fire, loud sounds, and the color red. So they start using Red Dui LIAN and put it in front of their houses and other places they visite. It keeps the beast away and the people celebrate New Year’s Eve with full joy and happiness.
History of Islamic and Iranian New Year
The other names for Islamic New Year are Arabic New Year or Hijri New Year. This Hijri-based calendar started when Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him) first migrated from Mecca to Madinah on the command of Allah after the people of Mecca made lives very difficult for him and his followers.
Do you know?
Muslims Don’t Celebrate the new year
The word ‘Hijri’ is a word which comes from the Arabic language. The meaning of Hijiri comes from the Arabic word ‘Hijrat’ which means migration. The first month in the Islamic year is Muharram-al-Haram. Muslims do not observe any celebrations since the month also marks the martyrdom of Hussain Ibn-e-Ali who was the grandson of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon HIM).
The Iranian New Year’s date is March 20th which is also known as Nowruz – new year Parsis. A part of old Iranian culture, it is in celebration all over in Iran by people of various ethnic backgrounds and cultures. The event is also in celebration in Afghanistan and by Hazara people living in various regions of Pakistan and mainly Baluchistan.
So this was the complete history of New Year in different cultures and religions. We discussed in detail the New Year History in Modern Calendar, Early Roman Calendar, Islamic, and Iranian calendar. We discussed the history of Gregorian calendar. For more interesting content related to Happy New Year’s 2020, keep visiting our website.